Create Ubuntu CD from .iso File



There seems to be a lot of confusion on how to create an Ubuntu CD from a downloaded .iso file.  I am here to lay out simple instruction on how to do so.

Follow my procedure below.

1.  Download the appropriate .iso file from Ubuntu's website here.

2.  After you select the appropriate .iso file you will need to verify that you indeed do have a valid image.  This is done by checking the MD5 checksum.  If the checksum does not pass you have a corrupt image and will need to download again.

Ubuntu publishes the MD5 checksum for each .iso file.  If you plan on downloading an older release, Kubuntu, Edubuntu, or Xubuntu then the MD5 checksums are available here.

I have a fairly complete list of MD5 sums for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu, and Edubuntu from Dapper to Hardy below.




Ubuntu Dapper 6.06.1 LTS
b9a5be3a5858ade278d664d41310a4ab ubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-amd64.iso
6cb8582aa5615ed4616165743a0868d7 ubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-i386.iso
0b5b3df02da3d9ed6f4ac482cf541f04 ubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-powerpc.iso
50e3912c555f98f7bca56b2a0200b205 ubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-amd64.iso
fb3af44c21f1f68cc25fda7edb8c1bd3 ubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-i386.iso
502911770ad173dbe82c698379ed7d11 ubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-powerpc.iso
8254b0f3696ed17c52a2cb59c9ebd2cc ubuntu-6.06.1-server-amd64.iso
5ad76d8b380ab5be713e5daa9ea84475 ubuntu-6.06.1-server-i386.iso
6d1c3b5cb41661365b3db5cf12bb2836 ubuntu-6.06.1-server-powerpc.iso
2ccc1ec608040e6aac8913a016c31bed ubuntu-6.06.1-server-sparc.iso
445a002d8173dec6880a5b63d0378c46 kubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-amd64.iso
e29a7bf1022e5d257b0f9d134c8b260f kubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-i386.iso
66419c71db6095a2d4e06d141f4a8453 kubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-powerpc.iso
5bad812063cd880a1755f1e2431ee3e4 kubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-amd64.iso
4a8f2c56388fadf7f1df5dc88a95a06c kubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-i386.iso
5849a0cff57bb23d210011f3951d720c kubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-powerpc.iso

c837e79aa08a1bf78e609bf97dae1f00 xubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-amd64.iso
c0b54deca75e8e3a87988846c9ae1e44 xubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-i386.iso
d9629470753132c9379562ae327e7839 xubuntu-6.06.1-alternate-powerpc.iso
ab3acc3ca2a4830b3b9e9f2b73bd3076 xubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-amd64.iso
20d5b0e83e4a701d76739347520b133e xubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-i386.iso
ac07d20b3190e7370e3fe4307df548bf xubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-powerpc.iso

9a005a0c6455700739290bfb65939237 edubuntu-6.06.1-install-amd64.iso
18c6d57edd3764aca3e6d3a6cacadca7 edubuntu-6.06.1-install-i386.iso
0d9ea85fb8eff6bff135145acbe2ee2a edubuntu-6.06.1-install-powerpc.iso
7097f18a19a1599b3bcda63b662278f0 edubuntu-6.06.1-live-amd64.iso
c661dc6c6181430ae936a06a859fa842 edubuntu-6.06.1-live-i386.iso
100668ee52d2d6501788680d055aba7b edubuntu-6.06.1-live-powerpc.iso

Ubuntu Feisty 7.04
50f3655fbcbdba9746d4b05ad8705b0b ubuntu-7.04-alternate-amd64.iso
ff0cc7c9ed5157f0ff8c0f2213973f49 ubuntu-7.04-alternate-i386.iso
a2b159599b69cea51371eee1ec5feda6 ubuntu-7.04-desktop-amd64.iso
e296e3468358789904097fc8df29609a ubuntu-7.04-desktop-i386.iso
8a1099f5fa8eaf4ee295bf0087c8b03a ubuntu-7.04-server-amd64.iso
cf462501e2dc1b82b96dfc497a0404a2 ubuntu-7.04-server-i386.iso
e016f1e3322848af98d01eae2688568c ubuntu-7.04-server-sparc.iso
b0e04209c888a2bde16e3fecdb71cde9 kubuntu-7.04-alternate-amd64.iso
5c19803a2a34996e68be96a279371b5d kubuntu-7.04-alternate-i386.iso
3ac945079e9e3afd1e65f577edef1aca kubuntu-7.04-desktop-amd64.iso
1ad3c003dbcbe27b3265da23b886d047 kubuntu-7.04-desktop-i386.iso

9a4b514d30822d00c99b4c843045666d xubuntu-7.04-alternate-amd64.iso
d38e78d8a8b6e8e43ded19cdaa2d0361 xubuntu-7.04-alternate-i386.iso
94fa51d66ef22a012b24da1de7315431 xubuntu-7.04-desktop-amd64.iso
b10ccf0ea43fc551ad1af27e6666eae4 xubuntu-7.04-desktop-i386.iso

2ff9924f75366a75e370ea5c4c9ce2e5 edubuntu-7.04-desktop-amd64.iso
1dacaf1f8cf9ddb8a3fecaa0b0910d99 edubuntu-7.04-desktop-i386.iso
804202ebd5e2f59a1f2059dd8d3f0688 edubuntu-7.04-server-amd64.iso
c9105528c35f282e173cfac6c4b8d563 edubuntu-7.04-server-i386.iso
60f086d583902939e4b881696221aa68 edubuntu-7.04-serveraddon-amd64.iso
ddc62e32e6047984fffad2e86dfcec38 edubuntu-7.04-serveraddon-i386.iso

Ubuntu Gutsy 7.10

ebf7ad055bc39634065daa10de980d7e ubuntu-7.10-alternate-amd64.iso
9a4ae3cfd68911a861d094ec834c9b48 ubuntu-7.10-alternate-i386.iso
61c87943a92bc7bf519da4e2555d6e86 ubuntu-7.10-desktop-amd64.iso
d2334dbba7313e9abc8c7c072d2af09c ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
43ff753b260729b12c7d21d3a6db8c73 ubuntu-7.10-server-amd64.iso
7d88cd87df509a740d9f47b9bbf1375e ubuntu-7.10-server-i386.iso
5308a79f5e652edba5be84644ee14b09 ubuntu-7.10-server-sparc.iso
291164aa0ec63e5609ebf66c4cb5cecb kubuntu-7.10-alternate-amd64.iso
2d7bd8c5883975ca7fb99c3be7b0474a kubuntu-7.10-alternate-i386.iso
e8be8cac09a87d47ff60c5f41ef6554d kubuntu-7.10-desktop-amd64.iso
ae9b209fe4b9caf545fa2011631de797 kubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso

d39feb6d64127aac844cf99d788f3b5b xubuntu-7.10-alternate-amd64.iso
8a6e05a36ff5098ece6e3d28ad3b279a xubuntu-7.10-alternate-i386.iso
41c7b57b82373d756adf6d90558c2c86 xubuntu-7.10-desktop-amd64.iso
877ae9aceb9fa5abcc8f8758c3f9f111 xubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso

f122866fb923320d48ebe1a8080a5672 edubuntu-7.10-desktop-amd64.iso
c759f0a8988b110ab18fb83f86194e38 edubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
b1d299ac34cdca425221d142adfabe3e edubuntu-7.10-server-amd64.iso
bd78453e7057d130f46e233c24c02707 edubuntu-7.10-server-i386.iso
0cfd1d893297ecb62043c59e96573496 edubuntu-7.10-serveraddon-amd64.iso
7ea5785a4f0ea80d1dc1b1a262b77968 edubuntu-7.10-serveraddon-i386.iso

Ubuntu Hardy 8.04 LTS
7d0ac92c56361949d099dd9337c975e7 ubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso
166991d61e7c79a452b604f0d25d07f9 ubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso
fc43f665ba51c4be0d95c011aefef45d ubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso
8895167a794c5d8dedcc312fc62f1f1f ubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso
8a73cf85b04f37d5d91fb436525ea395 ubuntu-8.04-server-amd64.iso
c3162b21757746c64a0a22cdd060b164 ubuntu-8.04-server-i386.iso

fe122a713c5945dbbff035b16848ae47 kubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso
94b892ac78fdb4d1f164e7bd0f7da2ca kubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso
99da350d4163ee046a00ef1dda81be6a kubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso
8aebb0dc17588d22dd3bb59d7df71061 kubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso

c83b84dc02b9e5480d64d2accdd9f3bb xubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso
4f398cd35eaf297347f18634a5be5d77 xubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso
0fb2297b036d9d1bf4cc0a13a4d82f76 xubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso
665bcc283e131be4cb71ecb2bf0e3794 xubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso

210822f1d1d618153a4fdf993c5c3fe7 edubuntu-8.04-addon-amd64.iso
7259d6f34c5f09e26927c39066833d03 edubuntu-8.04-addon-i386.iso

Ubuntu Hardy 8.04.1 LTS
38e3f4d0774a143bd24f1f2e42e80d63 ubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso
bbd21ded02c06b41c59485266833937a ubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso
b78ef719e3361e726b89bab78c526ad0 ubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso
c69e34e92d5402d1b87e6babc739f774 ubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso
e7351d79903588699a383ae77854f734 ubuntu-8.04.1-server-amd64.iso
7232c6004ba438890cd09aded162dc8e ubuntu-8.04.1-server-i386.iso

957e8329f346543027a247b06cc58853 kubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso
5de105f1e2acb0a7019a636c98454e0d kubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso
e171680df385cf07e6dbe339b59f2999 kubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso
e0b9861df26c54acfd62bf35abe859f6 kubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso

287f090589821fbb56c3df06b23f1b30 xubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso
65e96e29439578d5c0c11a85fce075e7 xubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso
6609ac9a45f7a9b9948862355f3b30ca xubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso
ea2e852642ed5dcc722d67e181eb5c89 xubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso

eed95f7c8c6981f8a3d017dc220019a9 edubuntu-8.04.1-addon-amd64.iso
aadc960619548b613bf17ecb3eef333e edubuntu-8.04.1-addon-i386.iso


Ubuntu Hardy 8.04.2 LTS
cfb001d45a8f94554af34756d0d502f4 ubuntu-8.04.2-alternate-amd64.iso
fa027fc04c5ff82a8c81b8ffd04d8eb5 ubuntu-8.04.2-alternate-i386.iso
ae6a2ec3b1a78481d47e7d3f59756d99 ubuntu-8.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso
589f13da46e34789cb13b7dc574ccc6c ubuntu-8.04.2-desktop-i386.iso
44891152b7799ce8312c9946c75fa1f2 ubuntu-8.04.2-server-amd64.iso
28464268e34b65d535c199b92754eb84 ubuntu-8.04.2-server-i386.iso


Ubuntu Intrepid 8.10
ea6d44667ea3fd435954d6e1f0e89122 ubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso
f9e0494e91abb2de4929ef6e957f7753 ubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso
f9cdb7e9ad85263dde17f8fc81a6305b ubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso
24ea1163ea6c9f5dae77de8c49ee7c03 ubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso
8d35fea8c16597a6f4dd07f8e18e2166 ubuntu-8.10-mid-lpia.img
e3028a105a083339be8e5af5afbe7444 ubuntu-8.10-server-amd64.iso
a2ec9975a91e1228c8292ed9799dc302 ubuntu-8.10-server-i386.iso

4dc5bad5ee18648cd9dfbb87d86880b5 kubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso
04a2c5c8f394175e6d6579e626995c7a kubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso
b054fd985294c80dcd6400fede533c72 kubuntu-8.10-beta-desktop-i386.iso
824de6bea59d41637a41f17c00d33f7d kubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso
82c02dc7386dfb6858a9ec09a5059e1e kubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso

3539726b4aa58801427578bb66da5fd1 xubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso
db016f2f55ea2109b787a191b8115c67 xubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso
4153396adde6b210c07ef7d7ccb14231 xubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso
53c50ff06f4ad659f0abf6474b58c8e6 xubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso

45c572d3bc95db05ed8ab37bae75b750 edubuntu-8.10-addon-amd64.iso
7944aaaaf645571dd6e0a9db700394e9 edubuntu-8.10-addon-i386.iso
3231c37e95a4facf4106ddb6ed560981 edubuntu-8.10-beta-addon-amd64.iso




Once you have successfully downloaded the distribution you want you need to verify the MD5 checksum is correct.  Here are the methods to do that on both Windows and Linux.  Once you have the checksum then you will check that it matches one from above.


MD5 Sums on Linux

Linux/Unix - Linux and Unix have an MD5 checksum checker included with nearly every distribution.  To verify the checksum type the following in a terminal.  If you are going to create CD using K3B, K3B has built in MD5 checksum ability.

md5sum <ubuntu .iso file>
 

MD5 Sums on Windows

Windows - Unfortunately Windows has no built in MD5 checksum check so you will have to download the software.  There is a free MD5 checksum software called winMd5Sum, follow instructions here.


MD5 Sums on OSX


Mac OSX - Follow the Linux instructions and substitute md5 for md5sum in the terminal command.


Create Ubuntu CD


Once you have downloaded the .iso file and verified the file integrity it is time to create a bootable CD.  Don't worry the .iso files will contain everything you need.

I have instructions for several CD/DVD burning software packages.  I recommend that you burn the CD at 8X or slower.  Make sure to insert a black 700MB CD in your burner.  If you cannot find your CD/DVD burning program then consult your CD/DVD burning program help file.  To get one of the free burning programs please click on the links provided.

Infrarecorder (Free CD burner compatible with Windows 95/98/Me/2000/XP/Vista)
Go to Actions--->Burn Image and navigate to the .iso file location.  Select Open then select OK to burn the disc.

Nero (An excellent CD/DVD burning package for 2000/XP/Vista.  Nero is not free)
Go to File--->Burn Image and navigate to the .iso file location.  Nero will then take you to the CD writing dialog.

CD Burner XP Pro (Free CD/DVD burning program for XP and 2000 only)
Select New Compilation then select the first option to burn CD from .iso.  After this is done, select File--->Write CD from ISO.  This will bring up a new window.  Select the ... button in the uppper right corner and navigate to the .iso file.  Select Write Disc.

Roxio (CD/DVD burning application for Windows XP and Vista, Roxio is not free)
Select File--->Burn from Disc Image File and navigate to the .iso file location.  Select Open and then select Burn.

K3B (A free CD/DVD burning program for Linux)
Select Tools--->Burn CD Image.  Next navigate to the .iso file and select Open.  The MD5 checksum is automatically computed so you can verify from above.  Select the Burn button and wait for burning process to complete.

Gnomebaker (A free CD/DVD burning program for Linux)
Select Tools--->Burn CD Image.  Navigate to the .iso file and then select Start.

Brasero (A free CD/DVD burning program for Linux)
Select Project--->New Project--->Burn Image.  Navigate to the .iso and select Burn.


Apple Disk Utility (Included with OS X)
1. Launch Disk Utility Applications--->Utilities--->Disk Utility
2. Drag the .iso to the sidebar of the Disk Utility main window.
3. Select the ISO where you just dragged it, and choose Menu--->Image--->Burn
4. In Disk Utility, ensure that the Verify burn checkbox is ticked (you may need to click on the disclosure triangle to see the checkbox).
5. Insert a blank CD--->Burn.
6. Check that verification (if available) was successful. If verification was not available, at least make sure that a sample of directories on the CD can be accessed by the finder.


There you are, you now have a copy of Ubuntu on CD to install.  Remember, the CD also acts as a LiveCD (if you did not select the alternate)  so you can run the entire OS from the CD.


I hope this helped.



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